- Chant sung in the Iberian peninsula during the period of Muslim rule, although documents suggest that it originated before their invasion in 711. It was supplanted by the Gregorian chant of the Roman Catholic rite with the fall of Toledo in 1085; Mozarabic chant and liturgy were officially suppressed. Cardinal Jiménez de Cisneros published a missal in 1500 based on manuscripts preserved in Toledo, and this rite may be heard in the Toledo Cathedral today. But the music represents a 16th-century compilation of oral tradition; the only Mozarabic chant sources with precise pitch notation date from the 16th century, with one small exception, and therefore the ancient melodies remain indecipherable.
Historical dictionary of sacred music. Joseph P. Swain. 2006.
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